Treatments of Cataract
Treatments of Cataract
Cataracts treatment depends on many factors such as age, daily activities, severity of cataract symptoms, progression of the cataract and if there are other conditions associated with the cataracts.
1- In early cataract, glasses can be used to treat blurring of vision. Sometimes glare caused by cataract can be treated with anti-glare glasses. Cataract can progress slowly so patient can use glasses for long time.However, the cataract can progress fast in which the glasses will not be enough to treat it or overcome it. In this case the glasses can improve vision but not to 20 20 vision and in this case if the patient is not happy with his or her vision, so the next option is cataract surgery.
2- Cataract surgery is usually an elective surgery and the patient is the one who will determine if he or she needs to undergo surgery or not. As we said before, some people will have difficulty in vision even with small amount of cataract because it interferes with their daily activities and with their works while other will complain only of blurred vision but their daily activities are not badly affected and those people won't be interested in cataract surgery.
In the past and before the new Phacoemulsification was discovered, most of the surgeon preferred to wait until the cataract is full matured because it can be removed easier as one piece and with less complications. Cataract surgeons used to remove the cataract by extracapsular cataract extraction or ECCE, while these days with Phacoemulsification. It will be easier and with less complications to remove the cataract when it is soft with phaco surgery while mature cataract can cause multiple complications. The most common cataracts treatment these days is phacoemulsification.
3- Femtosecond laser cataract surgery or cataract laser surgery is a new way in treatment of cataracts by using femtosecond laser.
4- A new anti cataract eye drops called N-acetylcarnosine shows a promising effects in prevention and treatments of cataracts especially senile cataract.
5- Sometimes cataract surgery can be an urgent one. Large cataract can cause angle closure glaucoma and in this case the treatment will be anti glaucoma eye drops with cataract surgery. Dislocated lens can also cause angle closure glaucoma and the treatment will be cataract surgery.
6- Sometimes cataract surgery is indicated when the cataract is so dense. In this case, your eye doctor will find some difficulties to examine your fundus. Although you may not interested in cataract surgery in this point but this cataract should be removed to allow your doctor to view your retina and also to treat it by laser in case of diabetic retinopathy.
7- In case you have cataract in both eyes, the time between both eyes to undergo surgery is between 4 to 8 weeks in case the cataract surgery was uneventful in the first eye.
8- If your condition is pure cataract with no other conditions that affect your vision, your vision after cataract surgery will improve to 20 20 vision in case of uneventful surgery. Sometimes due to co-existence of other ocular conditions such as macular degeneration, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, your final vision will depend on the damages that caused by these diseases.