Treatments of Glaucoma can be either by medications, laser, surgery or all of them together.
Eye drops for glaucoma are the most common way of treatment for glaucoma.
Glaucoma is usually controlled by eye drops and sometimes especially in acute glaucoma we can use oral medication which is called acetazolamide which act by decrease the production of aqueous humor.
There are many types of them and they either act by reducing the amount of fluid production or increase the amount of fluid drainage.
Read more about Eye drops for Glaucoma
Some times eye drops will not bring your eye pressure down to the desired level; so your doctor may also add an oral medication such as carbonic anhydrase inhibitors like acetazolamide (Diamox) and methazolamide (Neptazane)
Read more about Oral Medications for Glaucoma
Prostaglandin analogue punctum plugs can be used as alternative to eye drops in management of glaucoma.
Read more about Punctum Plugs for Glaucoma
2- Glaucoma Laser Treatments
Glaucoma laser surgery is done by many types of laser techniques like laser iridotomy, laser trabeculoplasty and Cyclo-Cryotherapy.
Read more about Glaucoma Laser Treatment
3- Glaucoma Surgical Treatments
After the treatment with eye drops and laser failed, we can do surgery which will create a new opening to drain the aqueous fluid and so decrease the I.O.P. This kind of surgery is called filtering surgery.
Read more about Glaucoma Surgical Treatments